Sukla Phanta National Park is situated in the Far-west of Nepal. The name of the park is derived from the largest of grasslands known as Sukla Phanta. The Reserve has the largest grassland in the Far Western Terai, but this is not the only brilliant: it is home to Nepal’s, maybe even Asia’s, largest population of swamp deer. The congregation of Swamp Deer in the park's grasslands is the largest in the world (Currently numbering around 2,000) the population of hispid hare may be of international significance.
The extensive open grasslands and wetlands around the lakes of the park are habitat for a wide range of fauna. In the rivers, lakes and ponds 28 fish species and 12 reptile and amphibian species were recorded. Current checklists include 46 mammal species and a total of 423 bird species has been recorded. Wild elephants, Bengal Tiger, Indian Leopard, Sloth Bear, Swamp Deer, hispid hare have also been sighted in the park. Other wildlife of the park included is spotted deer seen in large numbers, hog deer, nilgai, wild dog, jackal, porcupine etc. The park and the adjoining forest is the territory of a small number of tigers. A stop at the Rani Tal would be an exciting experience. This small lake attracts birds and animals alike.